Regenerative medicine, or cellular therapy, has become a hot topic in the medical field over the past few years. It has been widely used for tissue engineering, creating artificial organs, repairing damaged tissue, hair loss and skin rejuvenation. Regenerative medicine offers solution to repair and restore the structure of damaged tissue and regain its function. The use of cellular therapy is a great management technique that uses one’s own cells as a personalized medicine to treat various wear and tear conditions in orthopedic medicine, and can often prevent the need for surgery.
Our body has the ability to repair minor tissue trauma within days, such as skin cuts. Although, when large tissue is damaged due to severe injury or prolonged inflammation, the body’s repair system will not be able to repair the extent of damage. In that case, by delivering specific type of cells to the injury site which boost the body’s ability to regenerate and restore the tissue structure and its function, this is also known as cellular therapy. Stem cell therapy is meant to boost your body’s natural healing pathways.
Depending on the problem you are targeting with cellular therapy form you are undergoing and, various cells can be used. Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is a mixture of concentrated platelets suspended in one’s own plasma that is a natural composition of the blood found in your veins and arteries. These platelets contain bodies, that can be released when triggered by an injury or problem. When released, the contents of the bodies in the platelets, is a myriad of proteins that will signal other cells to come and help out with healing as well as turn off or turn on specific biological processes. Stem cells are collected from the bone marrow, fat, peripheral blood, and they can differentiate to different variety of cells to cater to the cells that needs to be rejuvenated. There are many forms of cellular therapy that can be used, yet, they are all-natural cells collected from the patients, processed then injected back into the patients problematic area.
Generally there are minimal risks to undertake cellular therapy except for pain associated with injection, and this is well documented.
Cellular injections are considered minimally invasive methods, as the majority of the methods are based on the use of peripheral blood and bone marrow samples. These cells are frequently introduced through injections. Some patients feel discomfort and regional anesthesia is usually introduced to ease the pain. Sedation does not counteract with the efficiency of regenerative medicine, thus it can be introduced to avoid any pain or discomfort during the procedure.